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What Are Polyphenols? Where can we find them?

author:Naturalindate:2015-09-01 15:32Click: times

More and more people are trying to learn more about nutrition, and they keep seeing something called polyphenols. What are they? Are they good for us? Where can we find them?Let's Naturalin tell you :

Phytochemicals

Polyphenols are plant chemicals that may have health benefits for people. There are different types of polyphenols, and they're found in all different plants that you eat.

Much has been made in the media about phytochemicals, a word that refers to plant chemicals. Phytochemicals are naturally occurring compounds that give plants their colors or help to protect them from various things they might face in nature. These compounds are often extracted from the plants and examined for their potential health benefits.In general, the phytochemicals are thought to work as antioxidants to protect the cells in your body from free radical damage.

There are three major groups: carotenoids, which are related to vitamin A; allyl sulfides in garlic and onions; and the largest group, the polyphenols, which are found in many different foods.

 Apple PolyphenolsPolyphenols

Polyphenols all have similar ring-shaped chemical structures, but they differ in the number of rings and molecules that are attached to those rings.  Thus, polyphenols are grouped into four different categories based on those differences. The categories are phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenes, and lignans.

Phenolic acids include hydroxybenzoic acids, such as gallic acid found in tea, and hydroxycinnamic acids found in coffee, blueberries, kiwis, plums, apples, and cherries.

Flavonoids work as both antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents. There are several different types of flavonoids: flavones, flavonols, flavanones, isoflavones, anthocyanidins, chalcones, and catechins. They're found in a wide variety of plant-based foods, including fruits, vegetables, legumes, red wine, and green tea (including decaffeinated forms of green tea).

Stilbenes are a small group - resveratrol is the most common. It's found in small quantities in red wine and peanuts.

Lignans are found in legumes, cereals, grains, fruits, algae, and some vegetables.

Eating a balanced diet with fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes should provide you with a broad range of polyphenols. Some polyphenols, such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and resveratrol, are available as dietary supplements. Always speak with your healthcare provider before taking large doses of dietary supplements, including any polyphenols.

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